The 2012 Panigale 1199 is powered by state of the art technology. For starters, the frame of this beauty is made of cast aluminum for increased strength. This material has also reduced weigh by over 11 pounds. The frame has been fixed directly into the cylinder heads. The design of the motorcycle’s body and the driver’s seating position have been calculated to give the most ergonomic design possible to increase speed and reduce wind reduction and increasing lap times. These are the little things that bonus boosters for this already incredible engine. The 1198 cc, L-Twin, desmodromic engine is the heart and soul of this motorcycle. You are going to get 98.1 lb-ft at 9000 revolutions per minute and 195 horsepower at 10,700 revolutions per minute (rpm). The intake valves have increased in size from 43.5 mm to 46.8 mm which increases the lift and reduces resistance within the camshaft cylinders. By also increasing the exhaust valves by 7.7 mm you reap the benefits of needing a less powerful battery, smaller engine, and a decrease in weight by 7.28 pounds. You are also getting an incredible 1.84:1 bore/stroke ratio with these improvements. The desmodromic system has been improved to perfect the timing and efficiency between camshaft and crankshaft functions with the use of auto tension adjustment. Performance and carbon dioxide (CO2)/carbon monoxide (CO) reduction has been achieved with the air system. A second reed valve has been placed and utilized within the cylinder heads.