The Italian middleweight was late MV Agusta boss Claudio Castiglioni's tribute to Count Domenico Agusta's triples that took Giacomo Agostini to victory throughout the 1960s and '70s. It's built entirely at the MV Agusta (formerly Aermacchi and Cagiva) factory beside Lake Varese, and is laden with performance features. First and foremost is the backwards-rotating crankshaft that partially counteracts the rotational inertia of the wheels to help quicken steering. The bike also employs ride-by-wire throttle and has an eight-level traction-control system plus four power modes. Output is stated as 126 horsepower at 14,400 rpm, with 52 lb.-ft of torque at 10,600 rpm. Castiglioni's original design called for gear-driven cams and radial valves as on the F4, but chain drive and a paired valve layout were employed to reduce costs. As it stands, the F3 engine costs 40 percent less to manufacture than the 998cc F4 mill, which goes a long way toward achieving a competitive price of $13,498.