Flat Out

One day, we will find ourselves screwed. A little preparedness can save the day

How does that saying go? Oh, yes: Bring an umbrella and it'll never rain. In the grand scheme of road-trip checks and balances, the likelihood of getting a flat tire seems directly proportional to the quality of your flat kit and the walking distance to the nearest help. (And let's not forget that the odds go way up when you're out of cell-phone range.)

Travel enough and you're going to get a flat. Assuming you can effect a repair by the side of the road, the next question is, er, what's next? Depends. If the tire is close to worn out, you've just given yourself the perfect reason to buy a new one. Find the nearest motorcycle dealer or independent shop, be especially nice to the service people and you'll be out of there in a couple of hours. Don't worry about matching tires front to rear, but stick to the original size and category of tire; that is, don't substitute a touring-oriented bias-ply for a race-spec radial. That said, many riders successfully run two different tire brands, and even more mix and match models from the same manufacturer --such as a soft sport tire for the front and a more durable sport-touring tire for the rear.

But if your tire is nearly new, you have a decision to make, understanding that the roadside fix is purely temporary. If you don't want to buy a new tire, have the shop install a permanent plug--one that installs from the inside of the tire. Be prepared to be talked out of it, however; many shops refuse to install tire plugs for liability reasons, and many shops refuse to do it for economic reasons. You may have to call around to find someone who will make the repair; typically, a small independent shop will be more likely to undertake the job than a multiline mega-dealer. As an alternative, you might consider asking the shop to remove the tire from the wheel and let you do the repair, though that might make the service writer even more squeamish.

In any case, hauling a good flat-repair kit works as preventive medicine, and we recommend adding a few items to the supplies. Pack a valve-stem remover and a spare stem, a thin rag or a sealed packet of premoistened towelettes, a razor blade or a box cutter, a tire-pressure gauge and extra CO2 cartridges for the system you're using. Hint: Sporting-goods stores (and the odd Wal-Mart) carry popular cartridges for a lot less than refills from the kit manufacturer. Find a convenient place for the flat kit (that is, try not to bury it under layers of cargo), inspect it before each long trip (opened rubber cement has a tendency to dry out), and know how to use it. Now you can go back to enjoying your motovacation.

How To Get It Done
Motorcyclists who pack flat-repair kits often look at them the same way air-show pilots consider the parachute: It behooves you to learn how to use it even as you do whatever you can to avoid having to use it. In fact, it makes good sense to practice with your flat kit--on a soon-to-be-discarded tire, of course--before you need to do it "for real." As in: On the side of the road, rain falling sideways, homicidal truckers tickling your handlebar tassels.

Good thing most flat kits are easy to use. Follow along, won't you?

The Four Reasons You Got A Flat

1. It's raining. Yup, according to Avon tire engineers, you're more likely to pick up a puncture in wet weather because debris comes prelubricated. Dry objects have a harder time piercing the tread, so though you may have run over a roofing nail in the dry, it's not as likely to burrow into your shiny new tire.

2. You opted for the super-sporty tires this time around. To prevent excessive heat and improve the shape of the contact patch, high-performance (also known as sport or supersport) tires have less rubber on the tread and are therefore more vulnerable.

3. Just this once you didn't bring the flat kit.

4. You just bought that tire. See number 3 above. Karma works in mysterious ways.

Checklist: Tools & Bike supplies

On a long tour these are the basics that are called upon again and again. We keep the listed items--along with snacks and seasonal sundries--in a tail pack fondly called "The Magic Bag."

Allen wrench set
Box wrenches
Bulbs
Chain lube
Cotter pins
Crescent wrench
Duct tape
Flashlight
Four to six feet of baling wire
Impact driver
Jumper cables
Master link
Nuts and bolts
Pipe as extension and stand
Pocket screwdriver
Ratchet and appropriate sockets
Six feet of electrical wire
Small container of oil
Small locking pliers
Spare fuses
Spark plugs
Tire repair kit(s) with inflator
Tire sealant
Tow strap
Waterless hand cleaner
Wire cutters

This list should be tailored to your bike and requirements, but it has been refined by a lot of experience, mostly the kind where you wish you'd brought something but didn't.

1. Begin by looking for the obvious cause of the flat--this should take you no time at all, as roofing nails, drywall screws and shards of safety glass tend to pop right out at you--but follow that up with a careful inspection of the rest of the tire. You're looking for additional nails and screws or any other damage that might make the tire unroadworthy even after you fix the big problem.
2. No clear-cut damage to the tire, but it won't hold air? Thoroughly inspect the valve stem. Tilt it back and look for cracks in the rubber. Check the valve stem's security. Check the sidewalls for punctures or structural failures. Unfortunately, wounds to the sidewall are fatal. You can't fix 'em, so call the tow truck.
3. Carefully remove the cause of the injury. If it's a screw, make the effort to unearth the tool kit, assemble the screwdriver and twist the screw back out. Yes, you can just yank it out, but you do so at the risk of tearing the rubber further or pulling the plies apart. Try to do as little harm as possible.
4. Clean the area around the wound. If you don't have water, just spit on it and wipe away the worst rocks and dirt.
5. Prepare the wound by using the rasp in your flat kit. Some kits don't have this tool, in which case you should use the plug-insertion device to clean out the inside of the gash. Work the tool in and out of the wound to rough it up.
6. Open the rubber cement that came with the kit and apply it to the rasp or plug-installation tool, then work it into the wound the same way you just cleaned it out. This step applies glue into the wound (no kidding!) but will also pull some of the last chunks of grime out. By itself, the cement will stay liquid for a minute or two, so you don't have to rush.
7. Get the plug ready by removing the protective wrap around the special vulcanizing ring. Do not touch it with your hands. Apply enough cement to get it wet but not dripping.
8. Slide the plug into the hole until the orange stripe is no longer visible.
9. If you're using rope-style plugs, use the installation tool with a segment of rope clamped at its center to push the cement-coated plug all the way into the tire.
10. Carefully twist the tool as you pull it up and out. Stop when a half inch of rope plug shows through.
11. Prepare the CO2 cartridges for tire reinflation, but only put a small amount of air in. Dribble water around the plug and watch for bubbles. Nothing? You're good to go.
12. Use the CO2 cartridges to refill the tire. Listen to the tread near the valve stem to know when the cartridge and tire have reached equilibrium; when hissing from the inside stops, change to the next cartridge.
13. Finally, cut the end of the plug or rope flush with the tread surface. If you don't the plug may pull out as you ride, and besides, it's just bad form. Now...on your way.