Drawn up under Taglioni's supervision in January '81 by Pierluigi Mengoli, Ducati's current head of engineering, the Bipantah, as its name suggests, essentially represented a pair of Ducati's existing 500cc ,Pantah V-twin, belt-drive, SOHC, desmodue engines twinned together to produce a 1000cc V-four. Created one year before Honda stamped its mark on the V-four-engine concept with the '82 launch of the VF750, the Bipantah was conceived as a means of allowing the company to ensure its future existence. Ducati had passed into the hands of the Rome-based VM Group in '78, a state-subsidized manufacturer for which motorcycles were a low priority. And with worldwide bike sales declining, and twin-cylinder bikes unfashionable and disregarded, Ducati's future looked bleak. A range of V-four models seemed the best hope for future survival.