So far I’ve talked mostly about mental and emotional causes of mistakes. That’s because the absence of good judgment and perception is a sure-fire way to end up in the ER. But, the inability to brake, swerve, and corner are also contributing factors. Trained riders deal with unexpected occurrences by utilizing all the brake power and cornering prowess their machine can provide. In contrast, untrained riders tend to either skid and crash, never making contact with the car (which ends up as the “I had to lay it down” story), or they fail to apply the brakes hard enough and plow into the car even though there was room to stop. They are also known to run wide in corners after entering too fast and then running out of talent. Braking and cornering mistakes can be mitigated through training and purposeful practice, in combination with good judgment.