Q: What does homologating a tire entail?
A: One set of homologation standards is compiled by an international organization and focuses on safety; the other is set by the individual [motorcycle] manufacturers and involves tire behavior and characteristics. For safety the primary focus is testing the tire's load and speed capabilities, as well as wear, noise, etc., in a laboratory. Then, the tire must be homologated to the manufacturer's standards, which includes its behavior when new, very worn, under load, etc. This is done outdoors on the road and track.